Photo by Philip Nega


I am a Social Scientist at the United States Department of State, and hold a PhD in Political Science from Columbia University. My research studies how informal institutions shape criminal violence in Mexico and the United States. I study these questions using quantitative methods for causal identification with observational data, in-depth fieldwork, and archival methods. My research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy,  and the Institute for Latin American Studies at Columbia University. Prior to graduate school, I worked with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace as a James C. Gaither Junior Fellow for Democracy and Rule of Law. 

My work is forthcoming or published in the Annual Review of Political Science, International Studies Quarterly, PS: Political Science & Politics and World Politics, among other journals.  My Google Scholar page is here.